Cancer is a disease which affects human beings.
It is a disease associated with abnormal growth of the body cells.
Cancerous cells invade the body and later spread to the other parts of the body.
Cancer disease can affect any person either man or a woman
Types of Cancer
Causes of Cancer
Cancer is caused by many factors which are preventable and others unpreventable.
Preventable causes of cancer
Smoking of cigarettes
Excessive consumption of alcohol
Excessive body weight
Lack of body exercise
Unpreventable Causes of Cancer
Cancer can be caused by other factors which cannot be prevented. For example;
Many cases of cancer infections have been identified with old age
Any change in the genetic code can influence cell division and multiplication.
The genes also can influence the production of proteins by the cells.
The proteins are known to carry instructions for many cell processes.
The symptoms of cancer vary according to the type of cancer disease.
These symptoms are;
Presence of blood I the urine
Itching of skin
Indigestion and having difficulty in swallowing
Sudden weight loss or gain, having night sweats and fever.
Having persistent swollen glands
Treatment & prevention of cancer
Cancer can be treated using various methods depending on the type.
Chemotherapy-targeting rapidly dividing cells and killing them with the use of drugs
Hormone therapy- use of drugs to interfere with hormonal work
Precision medicine- cancer treatment using specific genetic content testing of the cancer patient
Treatment & Prevention Cont…
Radiotherapy- killing cancerous cells with the use of high-dose radiation.
Immuno-therapy- use of appropriate medication in boosting immunity to fight against cancerous cells.
Stem cell transplant- replacing affected cells with the ones which have been treated through Chemotherapy or Radiotherapy.
Surgery- removing affected cells or tumors by surgical method.
Greenstein, J. P. (2016). Biochemistry of cancer. Elsevier.
Perricone, N. V. (2017). U.S. Patent No. 9,849,160. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.